What is CBD?
Cannabis is a Genus of the family of plants that evolved over 32 million years ago. It has been revered and safely utilized for medical purposes by indigenous healers in ancient India, China and Tibet for over 5000 years. It was introduced into Western medicine in 1839 by a surgeon who learned of its healing abilities in India.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of over 85 compounds produced in cannabis plants known collectively as Phyto Cannabinoids. The two most abundant Phyto Cannabinoids possessing therapeutic properties are Cannabidiol (CBD) and Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
While other plants such as Black Pepper, Rosemary, Echinacea and Cacao also produce Phyto Cannabinoids, only Cannabis produces CBD and THC. The two varieties of Cannabis that contain these Phyto Cannabinoids are Hemp and Marijuana. They differ greatly in their physical distinctions and in their uses.
1. Hemp, classified as “Cannabis Sativa” (also referred to as “Industrial Hemp”), has been used for millennia to produce such things as paper, fabric and clothing, construction materials, auto parts, food and drink and body care products. The parts of the plant traditionally utilized are its stalks, stems and seeds. It contains a large amount of CBD and a small amount, .3% or less, of THC. In December
2018, Congress legalized the cultivation of hemp and the transfer of hemp derived CBD products across state lines.
2. Marijuana is classified as two strains - Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Indica. Marijuana Sativa has the highest levels of THC (50-60%), but both strains contain significantly more THC than Hemp Sativa. The parts of the plant utilized are its leaves and flowers. While marijuana also has medical and therapeutic benefits to offer, it has been used chiefly for recreational purposes. It is federally illegal to grow, produce and possess. While also illegal
in many states, some states, in response to scientific findings and demands from their citizens, have legalized the production and distribution of medical marijuana.